Radiomics is a novel approach for optimizing the analysis massive data from medical images to provide auxiliary guidance in clinical issues. Quantitative feature extraction is one of the critical steps of radiomics. The association between radiomics features and the clinicopathological information of diseases can be identified by several statistics methods. For instance, although significant progress has been made in the field of lung cancer, too many questions remain, especially for the individualized decisions. Radiomics offers a new tool to encode the characteristics of lung cancer which is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Here, we reviewed the workflow and clinical utility of radiomics in lung cancer management, including pulmonary nodules detection, classification, histopathology and genetics evaluation, clinical staging, therapy response, and prognosis prediction. Most of these studies showed positive results, indicating the potential value of radiomics in clinical practice. The implementation of radiomics is both feasible and invaluable, and has aided clinicians in ascertaining the nature of a disease with greater precision. However, it should be noted that radiomics in its current state cannot completely replace the work of therapists or tissue examination. The potential future trends of this modality were also remarked. More efforts are needed to overcome the limitations identified above in order to facilitate the widespread application of radiomics in the reasonably near future.
Keywords: Radiomics; lung cancer; management; pulmonary nodule.
2020 Annals of Translational Medicine. All rights reserved.