Developing a core outcome set for paediatric wrist fractures: a systematic review of prior outcomes

Bone Jt Open. 2020 May 13;1(5):121-130. doi: 10.1302/2633-1462.15.BJO-2020-0007.R1. eCollection 2020 May.


Objectives: This review aims to summarize the outcomes used to describe effectiveness of treatments for paediatric wrist fractures within existing literature.

Method: We searched the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Ovid Medline for studies pertaining to paediatric wrist fractures. Three authors independently identified and reviewed eligible studies. This resulted in a list of outcome domains and outcomes measures used within clinical research. Outcomes were mapped onto domains defined by the COMET collaborative.

Results: Our search terms identified 4,262 different papers. Screening of titles excluded 2,975, leaving 1,287 papers to be assessed for eligibility. Of this 1,287, 30 studies were included for full analysis. Overall, five outcome domains, 16 outcome measures, and 28 measurement instruments were identified as outcomes within these studies. 24 studies used at least one measurement pertaining to the physiological/clinical outcome domain. The technical, life impact, and adverse effect domains were recorded in 23, 20, and 11 of the studies respectively. Within each domain it was common for different measurement instruments to be used to assess each outcome measure. The most commonly reported outcome measures were range of movement, a broad array of "radiological measures" and pain intensity, which were used in 24, 23, and 12 of the 30 studies.

Conclusion: This study highlights the heterogeneity in outcomes reported within clinical effectiveness studies of paediatric wrist fractures. We provided an overview of the types of outcomes reported in paediatric wrist fracture studies and identified a list of potentially relevant outcomes required for the development of a core outcome set.

Keywords: Outcome; Paediatric; Wrist fracture.

Publication types

  • Review