Value of Thrombomodulin as a Marker for Sepsis in Critically Ill Children

Indian J Pediatr. 2020 Nov 26. doi: 10.1007/s12098-020-03564-w. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Objective: Pediatric sepsis is altered organ function in critically ill children and a main etiology of mortality for children. Therefore, the authors aimed to assess the role of serum thrombomodulin as valuable biomarker in the diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis in acutely ill pediatrics in the intensive unit.

Methods: This prospective clinical study conducted on 140 acutely ill patients admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of Menoufia University Hospital and 50 apparently healthy controls from October 2018 through September 2019. All included children were subjected to clinical examination and the Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) and Pediatric Index of Mortality II (PIM II) scores were calculated. Serum thrombomodulin was measured for both patients and the control group upon admission. The children were followed for a period of 30 d.

Results: Serum thrombomodulin level was increased among all the patients and those with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis and severe sepsis compared with controls (p < 0.001). Furthermore, serum thrombomodulin was higher in patients who died than who survived (p = 0.005). Thrombomodulin had area under Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AUC) =0.915 for predicting sepsis, whereas C-reactive protein had AUC = 0.789. According to the prognosis, thrombomodulin had AUC = 0.711 for predicting mortality whereas PRISM and PIM scores had AUC = (0.918, 0.960) respectively.

Conclusions: Serum thrombomodulin is a promising marker for pediatric sepsis. The data showed that serum thrombomodulin had a valuable role in diagnosis of sepsis early in critically ill pediatrics.

Keywords: Critically-ill; Pediatric; Sepsis; Thrombomodulin.