Introduction: Surgery is frequently required in persons with haemophilia A (PwHA). Emicizumab, a bispecific, humanized monoclonal antibody, bridges activated factor (F) IX and FX. Management of patients undergoing surgery while receiving emicizumab is of clinical interest due to paucity of data.
Aim: Review real-world experience of PwHA with/without FVIII inhibitors who required surgery while receiving emicizumab prophylaxis.
Methods: Data regarding peri-operative management, including type of surgery, haemostatic agent use and bleeding complications, were collected for PwHA receiving emicizumab undergoing surgery between 25/10/18 and 31/12/19 at the Indiana Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center. Analyses were exploratory and descriptive.
Results: Twenty minor and five major surgeries were performed in 17 and five patients, respectively. Overall, 9/20 minor surgeries were planned to occur with emicizumab as the sole haemostatic agent; of these, four required additional coagulation factor (2 due to haematomas following port removals, 1 due to oozing at port removal site, 1 due to bleeding following squamous cell carcinoma removal). Three of the 11 minor surgeries with planned additional coagulation factor resulted in non-major bleeds; all were safely managed with additional coagulation factor. All five major surgeries were planned with additional haemostatic agents; there was 1 bleed in a patient undergoing elbow synovectomy with nerve transposition, likely triggered by physical/occupational therapy. There were no major bleeds, thrombotic events or deaths.
Conclusions: Additional haemostatic agent use is safe in PwHA undergoing surgery while receiving emicizumab. Additional data are needed to determine the optimal dosing/length of treatment of additional haemostatic agents to lower bleeding risk.
Keywords: emicizumab; haemophilia; real-world evidence; surgery.
© 2020 The Authors. Haemophilia published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.