One-step genotyping method in CRISPR based on short inner primer-assisted, tetra primer-paired amplifications

Mol Cell Probes. 2021 Feb;55:101675. doi: 10.1016/j.mcp.2020.101675. Epub 2020 Nov 25.


Base editors and prime editors induce precise DNA modifications over one or several nucleotides in eukaryotic cells. The T7E1 assay has been widely adopted for the assessment of genome editing, but it has several limitations in the applications for prime editing and base editing due to low sensitivity, inaccuracy and additional disadvantages. Here, we propose a short inner primer-assisted, tetra primer-paired amplification (SIPATA) method as an alternative to T7E1 analysis. SIPATA is a PCR-based method in which two long outer and two short (15 nt) inner primers are used for the amplification of a specific genotype in the presence of Hot start-Taq. One of the inner primers carries a 3'-terminally wild-type nucleotide sequence, and the other carries a post-editing sequence. Under optimized conditions, SIPATA enabled sensitive and accurate genotyping of single-nucleotide conversions by base editors and prime editors. Furthermore, SIPATA could be applied to trace low levels of DNA modifications achieved by HDR-mediated gene correction or chimerism during the generation of model animals. Multiplexed genotyping was also possible without compromising those multifaceted analytical advantages of SIPATA. Our findings demonstrate that SIPATA offers a robust, fast and sensitive genotyping platform for single-nucleotide variations in a variety of CRISPR applications.

Keywords: Base editing; CRISPR; Genotyping; Prime editing; SIPATA; SNP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats / genetics*
  • DNA Primers / genetics*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Gene Editing
  • Genotype
  • Genotyping Techniques / methods*
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • Reproducibility of Results


  • DNA Primers