Background: With no approved treatments in Japan for the prevention of hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks, there is a significant unmet need for long-term prophylactic therapies for Japanese patients with HAE. Berotralstat (BCX7353) is an oral, once-daily, highly selective inhibitor of plasma kallikrein in development for prophylaxis of angioedema attacks in HAE patients.
Methods: APeX-J is a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, 3-part trial conducted in Japan (University Hospital Medical Information Network identifier, UMIN000034869; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT03873116). Patients with a clinical diagnosis of type 1 or 2 HAE underwent a prospective run-in period of 56 days to determine eligibility, allowing enrollment of those with ≥2 expert-confirmed angioedema attacks. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) and stratified by baseline attack rate (≥2 vs. <2 expert-confirmed attacks/month between screening and randomization) to receive once-daily berotralstat 110 mg, berotralstat 150 mg, or placebo. The primary endpoint was the rate of expert-confirmed angioedema attacks during dosing in the 24-week treatment period.
Results: Nineteen patients were randomized to receive once-daily berotralstat 110 mg (n = 6), berotralstat 150 mg (n = 7), or placebo (n = 6). Treatment with berotralstat 150 mg significantly reduced HAE attacks relative to placebo (1.11 vs. 2.18 attacks/month, p = .003). The most frequently reported treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) in berotralstat-treated patients (n = 13) were nasopharyngitis (n = 4, 31%), abdominal pain, cough, diarrhea, and pyrexia (n = 2 each, 15%).
Conclusions: Orally administered, once-daily berotralstat 150 mg significantly reduced the frequency of HAE attacks and was safe and well tolerated, supporting its use as a prophylactic therapy in patients with type 1 or 2 HAE in Japan.
Keywords: Japan; berotralstat; hereditary angioedema; kallikrein inhibitor; prophylaxis.
© 2020 The Authors. Allergy published by European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.