Successful treatment of Acinetobacter baumannii infections require early and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. One of the first steps in this process is understanding which β-lactamase (bla) alleles are present and in what combinations. Thus, we performed WGS on 98 carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CR Ab). In most isolates, an acquired blaOXA carbapenemase was found in addition to the intrinsic blaOXA allele. The most commonly found allele was blaOXA-23 (n = 78/98). In some isolates, blaOXA-23 was found in addition to other carbapenemase alleles: blaOXA-82 (n = 12/78), blaOXA-72 (n = 2/78) and blaOXA-24/40 (n = 1/78). Surprisingly, 20% of isolates carried carbapenemases not routinely assayed for by rapid molecular diagnostic platforms, i.e., blaOXA-82 and blaOXA-172; all had ISAba1 elements. In 8 CR Ab, blaOXA-82 or blaOXA-172 was the only carbapenemase. Both blaOXA-24/40 and its variant blaOXA-72 were each found in 6/98 isolates. The most prevalent ADC variants were blaADC-30 (21%), blaADC-162 (21%), and blaADC-212 (26%). Complete combinations are reported.
Keywords: ADC β-lactamase; Carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii; OXA carbapenemase; OXA-172; OXA-23; OXA-82.
Published by Elsevier Inc.