Understanding the interactive influence of hydrolytic conditions on biocatalytic production of fructooligosaccharides from inulin

Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Jan 1;166:9-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.11.171. Epub 2020 Nov 26.


Statistical optimization of hydrolytic conditions for the production of fructooligosaccharides (FOSs) from pure inulin using Aspergillus tritici endoinulinase was carried out in a batch system. FOSs yield 99.19% was obtained under the optimized hydrolytic conditions i.e. inulin concentration (7.3%), enzyme load (65 IU), hydrolysis time (13 h) and agitation (100 rpm). The closeness of value of co-efficient of determination (R2) to 1, good agreement between model's predicted and experimental values, low percentage error (<5%), high adequate precision (>4%) and F value (11,634.32), and low Lack of fit (0.60) of the designed model authenticates its fitness. High substrate concentration, low enzyme load and short hydrolysis span justifies efficiency of developed process for the preparation of FOSs from inulin using fungal endoinulinase. TLC chromatographic and densitometry studies confirmed the synthesis of short-chain length FOSs. FOSs preparation contained 33.85% GF2 (ketose), 24.50% GF3 (nystose), 7.26% GF4 (fructofuranosylnystose) and 33.58% FOSs of DP5-9.

Keywords: Aspergillus tritici; Fructooligosaccharides; Response surface methodology.

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillus / enzymology
  • Biocatalysis*
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / chemistry
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Hydrolysis
  • Inulin / chemistry*
  • Oligosaccharides / chemistry*
  • Polymerization


  • Fungal Proteins
  • Oligosaccharides
  • fructooligosaccharide
  • Inulin
  • Glycoside Hydrolases

Supplementary concepts

  • Aspergillus tritici