Purpose: To determine whether curettage of the cartilage on the glenoid edge in arthroscopic Bankart repair reduces the postoperative recurrence rate compared with noncuretted glenoid.
Methods: Between January 2010 and December 2013, 134 patients underwent arthroscopy and stabilization for recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder; 42 patients were excluded. Alternate glenoid edge was curetted in 92 patients undergoing arthroscopic Bankart repair. Twelve patients were lost to follow-up. The remaining 80 patients were divided into 2 groups of 40 patients each, curettage and noncurettage. In both groups, the Bankart lesion was repaired using ≥3 bioanchors loaded with nonabsorbable braided sutures. Postoperative rehabilitation was the same for the 2 groups. We recorded recurrence of instability, pain, and Constant and Rowe shoulder scores. Statistical analysis of data was performed using unpaired t test (significance level P < .05).
Results: The 2 groups were comparable in terms of age, number of dislocations, and bone loss. The average follow-up was 7 years and 9 months (range 6 to 10 years). Of the total 40 patients in the curettage group, 6 (15%) had recurrence of dislocation and none had subluxations, whereas in the noncurettage group, 13 (32.5%) had recurrence of dislocation and 3 (7.5%) had subluxations. The difference in postoperative recurrence of instability was statistically significant (P = .012). The average (standard deviation) Rowe score was 83.75 (23.28) in the curettage group and 70.13 (31.29) in the noncurettage group (P = .030).
Conclusions: During arthroscopic Bankart repair, curettage of the cartilage on the anterior glenoid edge reduces the incidence of postoperative recurrence of instability.
Level of evidence: II, therapeutic; prospective, randomized, controlled study.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.