Endothelial keratoplasty has revolutionized the treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction and lowered the threshold for treatment by providing rapid visual rehabilitation and setting a high standard for safety and efficacy. Over time, endothelial keratoplasty techniques have evolved toward the use of thinner tissue to optimize visual outcomes; refinements have facilitated donor tissue preparation, handling, and attachment; and adaptations have expanded utilization in eyes with challenging ocular anatomy. Despite early concerns about graft longevity, emerging 10-year endothelial cell loss and graft survival data have been encouraging. A shortage of human donor corneas restricts utilization in many areas of the world and is driving a search for keratoplasty alternatives. Further work is needed to expand the donor supply, minimize impediments to adoption, optimize graft survival, and improve refractive predictability.
Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.