The overall survival of multiple myeloma (MM) patients significantly improved with the use of proteasome inhibitor such as bortezomib. However, resistance to sorafenib limits its use. Bortezomib-resistant MM cells were generated and their bortezomib-resistant properties were confirmed by cell viability and apoptosis assays. To explore functions and underlying mechanisms of long non-coding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) on bortezomib resistance in MM, MTT assays, ﬂow cytometry analyses, dual luciferase report gene assays, RNA pulldown assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were carried out. NEAT1 and specific protein 1 (Sp1) was upregulated while miR-29b-3p was down regulated in bortezomib-resistant MM cells. NEAT1 promoted Sp1 expression by sponging miR-29b-3p and then enhanced the tolerance of MM cells to bortezomib. Sp1 targeted to NEAT1 promoter region promoting NEAT1 transcription and formed a positive feedback loop. NEAT1 and Sp1 levels were higher and miR-29b-3p was levels were lower in bortezomib-resistant MM patients. NEAT1/miR-29b-3p/Sp1 feedback loop enhanced the tolerance of MM cells to bortezomib. These results indicate potentially valuable targets for overcoming bortezomib resistance for MM.
Keywords: Bortezomib; Multiple myeloma; NEAT1; Resistance; Sp1; miR-29b-3p.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.