A Ten-Day Grape Seed Procyanidin Treatment Prevents Certain Ageing Processes in Female Rats over the Long Term

Nutrients. 2020 Nov 27;12(12):3647. doi: 10.3390/nu12123647.


Adaptive homeostasis declines with age and this leads to, among other things, the appearance of chronic age-related pathologies such as cancer, neurodegeneration, osteoporosis, sarcopenia, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Grape seed-derived procyanidins (GSPE) have been shown to be effective against several of these pathologies, mainly in young animal models. Here we test their effectiveness in aged animals: 21-month-old female rats were treated with 500 mg GSPE/kg of body weight for ten days. Afterwards they were kept on a chow diet for eleven weeks. Food intake, body weight, metabolic plasma parameters and tumor incidence were measured. The GSPE administered to aged rats had an effect on food intake during the treatment and after eleven weeks continued to have an effect on visceral adiposity. It prevented pancreas dysfunction induced by ageing and maintained a higher glucagon/insulin ratio together with a lower decrease in ketonemia. It was very effective in preventing age-related tumor development. All in all, this study supports the positive effect of GSPE on preventing some age-related pathologies.

Keywords: adiposity; ageing; food intake; glucagon/insulin; procyanidins; tumor.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / drug effects*
  • Animals
  • Body Composition
  • Body Weight
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Grape Seed Extract / administration & dosage
  • Grape Seed Extract / pharmacology*
  • Proanthocyanidins / administration & dosage
  • Proanthocyanidins / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Time Factors


  • Grape Seed Extract
  • Grape Seed Proanthocyanidins
  • Proanthocyanidins