Inositols in PCOS

Molecules. 2020 Nov 27;25(23):5566. doi: 10.3390/molecules25235566.


(1) Background: Myoinositol (MI) and D-chiro-inositol (DCI) are involved in a number of biochemical pathways within oocytes having a role in oocyte maturation, fertilization, implantation, and post-implantation development. Both inositols have a role in insulin signaling and hormonal synthesis in the ovaries. (2) Methods: Literature search (with key words: inositols, myo-inositol, d-chiro-inositol, PCOS) was done in PubMed until Sept. 2020 and 197 articles were identified, of which 47 were of clinical trials (35 randomized controlled trials). (3) Results: Many studies have demonstrated that in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) MI treatment improved ovarian function and fertility, decreased the severity of hyperandrogenism including acne and hirsutism, positively affected metabolic aspects, and modulated various hormonal parameters deeply involved in the reproductive axis function and ovulation. Thus treating with MI has become a novel method to ameliorate PCOS symptoms, improve spontaneous ovulation, or induce ovulation. The current review is focused on the effects of MI and DCI alone or in combination with other agents on the pathological features of PCOS with focus on insulin resistance and adverse metabolic outcomes. (4) Conclusions: The available clinical data suggest that MI, DCI, and their combination in physiological ratio 40:1 with or without other compound could be beneficial for improving metabolic, hormonal, and reproductive aspects of PCOS.

Keywords: PCOS; inositols; insulin resistance.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inositol / therapeutic use*
  • Ovulation / drug effects*
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / drug therapy*


  • Inositol