Background: To compare unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) in a long-term follow-up propensity score matching analysis.
Methods: Patients who underwent UKA or OWHTO for unilateral medial unicompartmental osteoarthritis (OA) between 2004 and 2010 were included. The ROM, HSS score, KS score, WOMAC score, forgotten joint score, OA progression in patellofemoral and lateral compartments, and survivorship were compared within ten years of follow-up between 67 UKA and 67 OWHTO patients after propensity score matching for age, gender, body mass index, range of motion, and osteoarthritis (OA) grade.
Results: At the last follow-up, there were no significant differences between the two groups in clinical outcomes, but the WOMAC score showed better results after UKA (13.1 in UKA vs 18.9 in OWHTO, P = .011). The OA progression also showed no significant difference between the two groups. After a 10-year follow-up, the survival rate was higher in UKA patients (96.2%) than in OWHTO patients (87.7%), with no statistical difference (P = .06).
Conclusion: UKA showed better clinical outcomes and OA progressions than OWHTO. The survival rate presented a superiority of 8.5% for the UKA group in the 10-year follow-up, without significant difference.
Keywords: high tibial osteotomy; knee; survival; unicompartmental knee arthroplasty; unicompartmental osteoarthritis.
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