Epistasis-driven identification of SLC25A51 as a regulator of human mitochondrial NAD import

Nat Commun. 2020 Dec 1;11(1):6145. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-19871-x.


About a thousand genes in the human genome encode for membrane transporters. Among these, several solute carrier proteins (SLCs), representing the largest group of transporters, are still orphan and lack functional characterization. We reasoned that assessing genetic interactions among SLCs may be an efficient way to obtain functional information allowing their deorphanization. Here we describe a network of strong genetic interactions indicating a contribution to mitochondrial respiration and redox metabolism for SLC25A51/MCART1, an uncharacterized member of the SLC25 family of transporters. Through a combination of metabolomics, genomics and genetics approaches, we demonstrate a role for SLC25A51 as enabler of mitochondrial import of NAD, showcasing the potential of genetic interaction-driven functional gene deorphanization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biological Transport
  • Epistasis, Genetic*
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / genetics
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • NAD / metabolism*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Uncoupling Protein 1 / genetics
  • Uncoupling Protein 1 / metabolism*


  • UCP1 protein, human
  • Uncoupling Protein 1
  • NAD