Background: The functional and oncologic outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in octogenarians are not well studied. We sought to study the perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes of RARP in octogenarian men. Methods: Between January 2009 and 2019, 46 patients ≥80 years with localized prostate cancer (PCa) underwent RARP in three high-volume robotic urologic practices in the United States. Clinical and pathologic features, and perioperative and postoperative complications were retrospectively evaluated. Functional outcomes for urinary and sexual function were collected via patient-reported questionnaires. Continence was defined as the use of zero or one safety pad per day. Results: The median (interquartile range) age was 81 (80-82), the mean (standard deviation [SD]) operative time was 116.5 (36.4) minutes, and the mean (SD) blood loss was 132 (35.6) mL. All cases were completed robotically, no intraoperative complications were encountered, and the mean length of stay was 1.21 (0.78) days. Regarding 30- and 90-day complication, nine patients had postoperative complications; seven were Clavien-Dindo grade I-II, and two were Clavien-Dindo grade ≥III. Post-RARP continence rates at 3 and 12 months were 68.4% and 84.8%, respectively. Conclusions: RARP represents a feasible option to treat PCa in well-selected octogenarian men. Careful patient selection and counseling are critical before offering surgical treatment for these men.
Keywords: erectile dysfunction; octogenarians; prostatectomy; prostatic neoplasms; urinary incontinence.