Evidence-based indications of platelet-rich plasma therapy

Expert Rev Hematol. 2021 Jan;14(1):97-108. doi: 10.1080/17474086.2021.1860002. Epub 2020 Dec 17.


Introduction: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous blood-derived product that contains platelet concentrations at least 2/3 times above the normal level and includes platelet-related growth factors. The concept of PRP began in the 1970s in the field of hematology to treat patients with thrombocytopenia. In the 1980s and 1990s, PRP began to be used in surgical procedures such as maxillofacial surgery and plastic surgery. Since then, PRP had been used in orthopedic procedures, cardiac surgery, sports injuries, plastic surgery, gynecology, urology, and more recently in medical esthetics. Areas covered: This review analyzes the mechanisms of action, current indications, clinical evidence, safety and future directions of PRP in the management of various medical conditions. The literature search methodology included using medical subject headings terms to search in PubMed. Articles used were screened and critically appraised by the coauthors of this review. Expert Opinion: Platelet-rich plasma is a therapeutic option used to treat many medical conditions. PRP could be used alone or in combination with other procedures. The effectiveness and safety of PRP has been demonstrated in many medical scenarios, however there is limited availability of large randomized clinical trials.

Keywords: Esthetics; hematology; mechanism of action; platelet-rich plasma; surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Platelets / cytology
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma* / metabolism
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Stem Cell Transplantation