The preparation and validation of chitosan tablets that rapidly disperse and disintegrate as an oral adsorbent in the treatment of lifestyle-related diseases

Carbohydr Polym. 2021 Feb 1;253:117246. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.117246. Epub 2020 Oct 21.


A carrier and an oral absorbent for the treatment of chronic diseases in the form of a tablet was prepared from granulated chitosan (G-CS) particles. The resulting tablet was highly dispersible and disintegrated rapidly (< 30 s) in aqueous media. The non-granulated chitosan (N-CS) powder partially crystallized (2θ = 12-15° and 20°) during wet granulation to give G-CS crystalline particles. The rate of penetration of water into G-CS aggregates was markedly faster than that for N-CS aggregates, as evidenced by the ease of disintegration of the tablets. The rapid disintegration and dispersion of the tablets in vivo was confirmed by MRI measurements after the oral administration of the both tablets to rats. Some ureic toxins were adsorbed more strongly to G-CS tablets than on N-CS tablets. The results suggest that G-CS tablets have great potential for use as a fast disintegrating carrier and as an oral adsorbent in lifestyle-related diseases.

Keywords: Adsorption; Chitosan; Disintegration; Dispersion; Release property; Wet granulation.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adsorption
  • Animals
  • Chitosan / administration & dosage*
  • Chitosan / chemistry*
  • Chitosan / metabolism
  • Chronic Disease / drug therapy
  • Crystallization
  • Drug Carriers / chemistry
  • Gastrointestinal Tract / diagnostic imaging
  • Gastrointestinal Tract / metabolism
  • Life Style*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Powders / chemistry
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sorption Detoxification / methods*
  • Tablets / administration & dosage*
  • Tablets / chemistry*
  • Tablets / metabolism
  • Temperature
  • Water / chemistry


  • Drug Carriers
  • Powders
  • Tablets
  • Water
  • Chitosan