Masticatory performance of denture wearers with the use of denture adhesives: A systematic review

J Prosthet Dent. 2022 Feb;127(2):233-238. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2020.10.011. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Abstract

Statement of problem: Denture adhesives are products used by wearers of removable dental prosthesis; however, systematic reviews on their influence on masticatory performance are lacking.

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficiency of denture adhesives in improving the masticatory performance of users of complete dentures (CD).

Material and methods: This systematic review was organized from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist, and the methods were registered on the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO-CRD42020187385). The focus question was as follows: "Does the use of denture adhesives improve the masticatory performance of patients with removable dental prostheses?" The databases PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were used to extract information.

Results: The search yielded 1338 articles, of which 6 met the inclusion criteria and were selected. All included studies were crossover randomized controlled trials including bimaxillary edentulous individuals. Masticatory performance was evaluated by using a comminution and sieve method.

Conclusions: Denture adhesives significantly increased the masticatory performance of CD users.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Denture, Complete
  • Humans
  • Mastication*
  • Mouth, Edentulous*