Mental health and risk perception among Italian healthcare workers during the second month of the Covid-19 pandemic

Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2020 Dec;34(6):537-544. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2020.10.007. Epub 2020 Oct 21.


A multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted to assess perceived risk and fear of contagion, as well as mental health outcomes among 650 Italian healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak. A relevant proportion of the sample reported symptoms of anxiety, depression, and distress. Female sex, nursing profession, fear of being infected, as well as the time of exposure to the COVID-19 spread and the fact of directly attending infected patients were the main risk factors for developing mental health disturbances. Tailored interventions need to be implemented to reduce psychological burden in healthcare workers, with a particular attention to nurses.

Keywords: Hospital staff; Nurses; Pandemic; Psychological impact.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology*
  • COVID-19 / epidemiology
  • COVID-19 / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics
  • Risk Factors
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*