Factors for Blood Transfusions Following Hemi Hip Arthroplasty for Patients With Femoral Neck Fracture

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil. 2020 Nov 22:11:2151459320972993. doi: 10.1177/2151459320972993. eCollection 2020.


Background: Hemi hip arthroplasty is one treatment option for femoral neck fractures; however, there has been limited evidence on factors associated with blood transfusions following hemi hip arthroplasty. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify the predictors of blood transfusion after hemi hip arthroplasty, which could lead to the establishment of proper guidelines for management protocols.

Materials and methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study, conducted in a single center of 323 femoral neck fracture patients having undergone hemi hip arthroplasty. Peri-operative factors and demographic data were extracted from the electronic medical records, from 2007 to 2019. A predictive model was developed by logistic regression (LR), and adjusted by multivariate logistic regression.

Result: One hundred and twenty-six (39%) patients received blood transfusions. On multivariate analysis, those of a female gender (odds ratio (OR) 2.00, p = 0.037), having a body mass index lower than 18.5 kg/m2 (OR 2.40, p = 0.028), lower preoperative hemoglobin levels (OR 0.52, p < 0.001) and given general anesthesia (OR 2.07, p = 0.028) were shown to be significantly associated with a higher risk of requiring a blood transfusion.

Conclusion: The authors recommend that preparation of blood components coupled with the utilization of blood conserving methods for high risk patients, as studies have stated, in addition to the consideration of spinal anesthesia; if patients have no contraindication, should be implemented.

Keywords: blood transfusion; femoral neck fracture; hemi hip arthroplasty; hip replacement; risk factor.