Rehabilitation setting during and after Covid-19: An overview on recommendations

J Rehabil Med. 2021 Jan 5;53(1):jrm00141. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2776.


Objective: The aim of this review is to identify the best evidence to define rehabilitative approaches to acute and post-acute phases of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) disease.

Methods: A literature search (of PubMed, Google Scholar, PEDro and Cochrane databases) was perform-ed for relevant publications from January to April 2020.

Results: A total of 2,835 articles were retrieved, and the search resulted in a final total 31 published arti-cles. A narrative synthesis of the selected articles was then performed. Some studies examine the effect of the pandemic on rehabilitation services and provide suggestions for a new reorganization of these services. Other studies focus on COVID-19 sequelae, formulating recommendations for rehabilitative interventions.

Conclusion: For COVID-19 patients, an integrated rehabilitative process is recommended, involving a multidisciplinary and multi-professional team provid-ing neuromuscular, cardiac, respiratory, and swallowing interventions, and psychological support, in order to improve patients' quality of life. The intervention of a physician expert in rehabilitation should assess the patient, and a dedicated intervention set up after thorough assessment of the patient's clinical condition, in collaboration with all rehabilitation team professionals.

Keywords: COVID-19; recommendation; rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Aftercare
  • Anxiety
  • COVID-19 / psychology
  • COVID-19 / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • Patient Care Team
  • Quality of Life
  • SARS-CoV-2