Probabilistic Ensemble of Deep Information Networks

Entropy (Basel). 2020 Jan 14;22(1):100. doi: 10.3390/e22010100.


We describe a classifier made of an ensemble of decision trees, designed using information theory concepts. In contrast to algorithms C4.5 or ID3, the tree is built from the leaves instead of the root. Each tree is made of nodes trained independently of the others, to minimize a local cost function (information bottleneck). The trained tree outputs the estimated probabilities of the classes given the input datum, and the outputs of many trees are combined to decide the class. We show that the system is able to provide results comparable to those of the tree classifier in terms of accuracy, while it shows many advantages in terms of modularity, reduced complexity, and memory requirements.

Keywords: classifier; decision tree; ensemble; information bottleneck; information theory.