# Linear Programming and Fuzzy Optimization to Substantiate Investment Decisions in Tangible Assets

Entropy (Basel). 2020 Jan 19;22(1):121. doi: 10.3390/e22010121.

## Abstract

This paper studies the problem of tangible assets acquisition within the company by proposing a new hybrid model that uses linear programming and fuzzy numbers. Regarding linear programming, two methods were implemented in the model, namely: the graphical method and the primal simplex algorithm. This hybrid model is proposed for solving investment decision problems, based on decision variables, objective function coefficients, and a matrix of constraints, all of them presented in the form of triangular fuzzy numbers. Solving the primal simplex algorithm using fuzzy numbers and coefficients, allowed the results of the linear programming problem to also be in the form of fuzzy variables. The fuzzy variables compared to the crisp variables allow the determination of optimal intervals for which the objective function has values depending on the fuzzy variables. The major advantage of this model is that the results are presented as value ranges that intervene in the decision-making process. Thus, the company's decision makers can select any of the result values as they satisfy two basic requirements namely: minimizing/maximizing the objective function and satisfying the basic requirements regarding the constraints resulting from the company's activity. The paper is accompanied by a practical example.

Keywords: fuzzy coefficients and decision variables; fuzzy triangular numbers; graphical method; investment decisions; primal simplex algorithm; situation analysis; tangible assets.