A Quantum Heat Exchanger for Nanotechnology

Entropy (Basel). 2020 Mar 26;22(4):379. doi: 10.3390/e22040379.


In this paper, we design a quantum heat exchanger which converts heat into light on relatively short quantum optical time scales. Our scheme takes advantage of heat transfer as well as collective cavity-mediated laser cooling of an atomic gas inside a cavitating bubble. Laser cooling routinely transfers individually trapped ions to nano-Kelvin temperatures for applications in quantum technology. The quantum heat exchanger which we propose here might be able to provide cooling rates of the order of Kelvin temperatures per millisecond and is expected to find applications in micro- and nanotechnology.

Keywords: cavitation; laser cooling; quantum thermodynamics; sonoluminescence.