In Vitro Activity of Dalbavancin against Refractory Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Staphylococcus aureus Isolates

Antibiotics (Basel). 2020 Dec 3;9(12):865. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics9120865.


The high prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, always treated with vancomycin and daptomycin, has led to the emergence of vancomycin-intermediate (VISA), heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate (hVISA) and daptomycin non-susceptible (DNS) S. aureus. Even if glycopeptides and daptomycin remain the keystone for treatment of resistant S. aureus, the need for alternative therapies that target MRSA has now become imperative. The in vitro antibacterial and bactericidal activity of dalbavancin was evaluated against clinically relevant S. aureus showing raised antibiotic resistance levels, from methicillin-susceptible to Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) MRSA, including hVISA, DNS and rifampicin-resistant (RIF-R) strains. A total of 124 S. aureus strains were tested for dalbavancin susceptibility, by the broth microdilution method. Two VISA and 2 hVISA reference strains, as well as a vancomycin-resistant (VRSA) reference strain and a methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) reference strain, were included as controls. Time-kill curves were assayed to assess bactericidal activity. Dalbavancin demonstrated excellent in vitro antibacterial and bactericidal activity against all S. aureus resistance classes, including hVISA and DNS isolates. The RIF-R strains showed the highest percentage of isolates with non-susceptibility, reflecting the correlation between rpoB mutations and VISA/hVISA emergence. Our observations suggest that dalbavancin can be considered as an effective alternative for the management of severe MRSA infections also sustained by refractory phenotypes.

Keywords: MDR-MRSA; Staphylococcus aureus; bactericidal activity; dalbavancin; refractory clones.