Long-term Results Using Glutaraldehyde-treated Homograft Pericardium in Congenital Heart Surgery

Ann Thorac Surg. 2022 Jan;113(1):182-190. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.11.014. Epub 2020 Dec 5.


Background: This study reports the long-term outcomes using glutaraldehyde-treated cryopreserved homograft pericardium (CPH) in neonates, infants, children, and young adults undergoing congenital cardiac surgery.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all patients at a single institution (Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, CA) who had undergone surgical implantation with CPH between 2006 and 2016. The study identified 134 consecutive patients who underwent implantation of a total of 276 patches. The baseline demographic characteristics, primary cardiac diagnosis, surgical characteristics, operative reports, and postoperative catheterization and reoperation reports were analyzed. The use of CPH was categorized by specific anatomic insertion site.

Results: The median age at patch implantation was 1.47 years (range, 1 day to 31.6 years). The numbers and locations of patch use were 124 for pulmonary arterial repair, 57 for repair of the aorta, 49 for septal repair, and 43 at other sites. At a median follow-up of 5.29 years, 9 patients had died (6.7%), but none of those deaths were related to CPH. Twelve patients (8.96%) underwent reoperations, and 18 patients (13.4%) underwent catheter interventions at sites of CPH implantation. The 10-year freedom from patch-induced reoperation and catheter intervention rates were 88.5% and 86.9%, respectively. Overall patch failure-free survival was 85.8% and 79.0% at 5 and 10 years, respectively.

Conclusions: The use of CPH patch in the surgical correction of congenital heart disease is effective and durable, as evidenced by the low reintervention rates. These results are comparable to the early and midterm outcomes of other similarly used surgical patches.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Allografts / drug effects
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cryopreservation
  • Female
  • Glutaral / pharmacology*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Pericardium / drug effects*
  • Pericardium / transplantation*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Glutaral