State-Level Data on Suicide Mortality During COVID-19 Quarantine: Early Evidence of a Disproportionate Impact on Racial Minorities

Psychiatry Res. 2021 Jan;295:113629. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113629. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Abstract

The unprecedented impact of COVID-19 has raised concern for the potential of increased suicides due to a convergence of suicide risk factors. We obtained suicide mortality data to assess completed suicides during the period of strict stay-at-home quarantine measures in Connecticut and compared this data with previous years. While the total age-adjusted suicide mortality rate decreased by 13% during the lockdown period compared with the 5-year average, a significantly higher proportion of suicide decedents were from racial minority groups. This finding may provide early evidence of a disproportionate impact from the social and economic challenges of COVID-19 on minority populations.

Keywords: COVID-19; Health Equity; Suicide.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • COVID-19* / prevention & control
  • Cause of Death
  • Connecticut / ethnology
  • Continental Population Groups / ethnology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minority Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Quarantine / statistics & numerical data*
  • Suicide, Completed / ethnology*