Use of a Superolateral Portal and 70° Arthroscope to Optimize Visualization of Patellofemoral Tracking and Osteochondral Lesions in Patients With Recurrent Patellar Instability

Arthrosc Tech. 2020 Nov 20;9(11):e1731-e1736. doi: 10.1016/j.eats.2020.07.020. eCollection 2020 Nov.

Abstract

Surgical treatment of patellofemoral instability and associated cartilaginous lesions can be technically challenging. Visualization of patellar tracking and underlying osteochondral lesions is paramount to operative success. To treat these conditions effectively, a comprehensive arthroscopic assessment of the patellofemoral joint as well as dynamic visualization of patella tracking must be achieved. Visualization of the patellofemoral joint-in particular, the articular cartilage of the patella and trochlea morphology-can be difficult when using traditional anteromedial or anterolateral portals and a 30° arthroscope lens. The technique described here uses an accessory superolateral portal and a 70° arthroscope to achieve significantly improved visualization of the patellofemoral articulation, in particular the chondral surfaces. This vantage point aids the surgeon in effectively evaluating patellar tracking, trochlea morphology, and importantly, osteochondral lesion location to help guide treatment algorithms in the patellofemoral joint.