Preventive neurology concepts for training the next-generation and closing gaps in real-world Multiple Sclerosis Care

Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2021 Jan:47:102631. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2020.102631. Epub 2020 Nov 18.


The field of Multiple sclerosis (MS) has entered an area of growth in the understanding of the MS immune dysregulation that has led to an impressive therapeutics expansion. However, results of surveys and proceedings of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) support the notion that US neurology residents have fragmented exposure to MS training during residency, resulting in learning gaps in diagnosis, management and follow up of patients with MS. There are annual educational offerings by MS academic societies but limited and tailored to trainees interested in MS/neuroimmunology subespecialization. Therefore, the acquisition of MS clinical skills by all neurology residents is essential for the practice of unsupervised neurology after board certification. Here, we review the current elements and goals of care that are critical for the learning of trainees. We present these elements in a framework focused on current unmet needs to avoid progression in MS in a real-world setting, tailored to preventive and personalized care: The "Multiple Sclerosis 4-square Educational Matrix". This approach could help training neurologist and patients through the essential steps of care. The trainee side emphasizes a goal-oriented approach to satisfy the educational and management components of MS in four areas: burden of symptoms, burden of disease activity, personalized risk factors and personalized patient education. The patient side is similar but simplified for their benefit. This structured approach is based on the principles of personalized preventive neurology and could be useful to solidify trainees and patient education, promoting proactive participation of patients in vital areas of their care, in an anticipatory, and goal-oriented manner. We aim to improve the unmet needs at an individual level and the value of care of populations at risk for progression and disability in MS.

Keywords: MS Fellowship; NEDA; Neurology Residency; multiple sclerosis; neurodegeneration; personalized medicine; progressive MS.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Multiple Sclerosis* / therapy
  • Neurology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States