Hepatic transcriptome and DNA methylation patterns following perinatal and chronic BPS exposure in male mice

BMC Genomics. 2020 Dec 9;21(1):881. doi: 10.1186/s12864-020-07294-3.


Background: Bisphenol S (BPS) is a common bisphenol A (BPA) substitute, since BPA is virtually banned worldwide. However, BPS and BPA have both endocrine disrupting properties. Their effects appear mostly in adulthood following perinatal exposures. The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of perinatal and chronic exposure to BPS at the low dose of 1.5 μg/kg body weight/day on the transcriptome and methylome of the liver in 23 weeks-old C57BL6/J male mice.

Results: This multi-omic study highlights a major impact of BPS on gene expression (374 significant deregulated genes) and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis show an enrichment focused on several biological pathways related to metabolic liver regulation. BPS exposure also induces a hypomethylation in 58.5% of the differentially methylated regions (DMR). Systematic connections were not found between gene expression and methylation profile excepted for 18 genes, including 4 genes involved in lipid metabolism pathways (Fasn, Hmgcr, Elovl6, Lpin1), which were downregulated and featured differentially methylated CpGs in their exons or introns.

Conclusions: This descriptive study shows an impact of BPS on biological pathways mainly related to an integrative disruption of metabolism (energy metabolism, detoxification, protein and steroid metabolism) and, like most high-throughput studies, contributes to the identification of potential exposure biomarkers.

Keywords: Bisphenol S; DNA methylation; Liver; Perinatal and chronic exposure; Transcriptome.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • DNA Methylation*
  • Female
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Phenols
  • Phosphatidate Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Pregnancy
  • Sulfones
  • Transcriptome*


  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Phenols
  • Sulfones
  • bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone
  • Lpin1 protein, mouse
  • Phosphatidate Phosphatase