A Review of the Admission System for Mental Disorders in South Korea

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Dec 8;17(24):9159. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17249159.


This study presents a comprehensive overview of the characteristics of mental health problems and admission system in South Korea. We compared the mental health-related indicators data from South Korea to data from other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. South Korea was identified as the country with the highest suicide rate, the longest length of stay in hospitals for mental disorders, and the highest number of psychiatric care beds. These results can be explained by considering the admission system for mental disorders. We reviewed the admission system and the Mental Health Promotion and Welfare Act, providing direction for improving the system.

Keywords: South Korea; involuntary admission; mental health; mental health promotion and welfare act; suicide.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Mental Disorders* / epidemiology
  • Republic of Korea / epidemiology
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data*