To investigate the effect of sea buckthorn puree consumption on reducing blood lipid and other risk factors of CVD. A total of 111 patients with hypercholesteromia who were treated with 90 ml sea buckthorn puree or placebo for 90 days were enrolled in this trial. Physical examination and analysis of lipid markers, hsCRP concentrations and cell adhesion protein concentrations with fasting blood samples were performed at 0-day, 45-day and 90-day after treatment. We found that the sea buckthorn puree did not affect the levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride (TG). However, the level of HDL-C was decreased by sea buckthorn puree in a short period (first 6 weeks), which was increased in the last 6 weeks (p < 0.05). Compared with placebo, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was decreased after taking sea buckthorn puree (p > 0.05). There was moderately decreased in hsCRP concentration in sea buckthorn group. Nevertheless, there was no correlation between changes in ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 concentration. In conclusion, long term consumption of sea buckthorn puree has anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive effects on hypercholesterolemia in hypercholesterolemic patients. However, it did not translate into an effect on the concentration of lipid markers in the circulation.
Keywords: Sea buckthorn; blood lipid; blood pressure; cardiovascular disease; hypercholesterolemia.