Association between atherogenic index of plasma and carotid intima-media thickness in a cohort of Mediterranean women

Acta Cardiol. 2021 Nov;76(9):987-992. doi: 10.1080/00015385.2020.1858537. Epub 2020 Dec 11.


The association between early atherosclerosis (IMT) and Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), a marker of atherogenicity (log triglycerides/HDL Cholesterol) was evaluated in a population-based cohort study in women, aged 30-69, living in the metropolitan area of Naples, Southern Italy (Progetto ATENA). Serum cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, Triglyceride, Insulin, HOMA, Apo B, hs-CPR were measured in 390 menopausal women, as a part of 5.062 participants of the cohort. Women in the second and third tertile of AIP showed an increased common carotid intima-media thickness compared with those in the first tertile: II vs I tertile (O.R. = 2.24, p = 0.007), III vs I tertile (O.R. = 2.29, p = 0.005), adjusted for age and Systolic pressure or II vs I tertile (O.R. = 2.19, p = 0.014), III vs I tertile (O.R. = 2.13, p = 0.026), adjusted for age, Systolic pressure, Body mass index and Apo B. Women in the second and third tertile of AIP compared to those in the first tertile, showed an OR of 2.14 (p = 0.016) and 1.99 (p = 0.033) respectively, of having elevates level of IMT, adjusted for traditional cardiovascular risk factor (age, Systolic Pressure, BMI, LDL Cholesterol, Diabetes diagnosis). This finding shows that in this group of menopausal women increased IMT is associated with elevated AIP independently of age and different cardiovascular risk factors. These results are in line with the hypothesis that AIP may be an useful clinical tools to give additional information in the risk assessment for atherosclerotic disease, in particular in postmenopausal women.

Keywords: Atherogenic index of plasma; carotid intima-media thickness; postmenopausal women.

MeSH terms

  • Body Mass Index
  • Carotid Intima-Media Thickness*
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors


  • Cholesterol, HDL