Objectives: The utility of angiogenic biomarkers in a low resource outpatient setting is not well known. This study evaluates the clinical utility of angiogenic biomarkers, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) among patients at risk for preeclampsia in a low resource outpatient setting.
Study design: This was a prospective pilot study among high risk third trimester outpatients conducted in Bengaluru, India. Serum sFlt1/PlGF was measured between 28 and 37 weeks. Patients with high risk ratio were managed with close observation, intermediate risk had serum redrawn in one week, and those with low risk ratio received routine care. Delivery decisions were made based on local protocols.
Main outcome measures: Maternal complication rate, development of preeclampsia with severe features, and latency to delivery was examined by sFlt1/PlGF ratio.
Results: The study included 50 patients. Compared to women with a low risk ratio, women with a high-risk ratio were more likely to have preeclampsia with severe features (90.91% vs 8.00%, p < 0.0001), a higher composite maternal complication rate (18.18% vs 0%, p = 0.04) and deliver at earlier gestational ages (32.57 [30.43, 34.71] vs 37.43 [36.86, 38.14] weeks, p = 0.0001).
Conclusion: Angiogenic factors may have utility in the low resource outpatient setting for women with a hypertensive disease. Low sFlt1/PlGF levels were associated with a longer latency to delivery and no maternal complications. This study confirms the broad clinical utility of biomarkers in the real world.
Keywords: Angiogenic biomarker; Preeclampsia; Prenatal care; Risk assessment.
Copyright © 2020 International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.