Genetic association study of interferon lambda 3, CD27, and human leukocyte antigen-DPB1 with dengue severity in Thailand

BMC Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 11;20(1):948. doi: 10.1186/s12879-020-05636-w.


Background: Dengue patients develop different disease severity ranging from mild (dengue fever [DF]) to severe forms (dengue hemorrhagic fever [DHF] and the fatal dengue shock syndrome [DSS]). Host genetics are considered to be one factor responsible for the severity of dengue outcomes. To identify genes associated with dengue severity that have not been studied yet, we performed genetic association analyses of interferon lambda 3 (IFNL3), CD27, and human leukocyte antigen-DPB1 (HLA-DPB1) genes in Thai dengue patients.

Methods: A case-control association study was performed in 877 children (age ≤ 15 years) with dengue infection (DF, n = 386; DHF, n = 416; DSS, n = 75). A candidate single nucleotide polymorphism of each of IFNL3, CD27, and HLA-DPB1 was selected to be analyzed. Genotyping was performed by TaqMan real-time PCR assay, and the association with dengue severity was examined.

Results: The rs9277534 variant of HLA-DPB1 was weakly associated with DHF. The genotype GG and G allele conferred protection against DHF (p = 0.04, odds ratio 0.74 for GG genotype, p = 0.03, odds ratio 0.79 for G allele). The association became borderline significant after adjusting for confounders (p = 0.05, odds ratio 0.82). No association was detected for IFNL3 or CD27.

Conclusions: The present study demonstrated the weak association of the rs9277534 variant of HLA-DPB1 with protection against DHF. This variant is in the 3' untranslated region and affects HLA-DPB1 surface protein expression. Our finding suggests that HLA-DPB1 may be involved in DHF pathogenesis.

Keywords: CD27; Dengue; Disease severity; Genetic association; HLA-DPB1; IFNL3.

MeSH terms

  • 3' Untranslated Regions / genetics
  • Adolescent
  • Alleles
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Dengue Virus / genetics*
  • Dengue Virus / immunology*
  • Dengue Virus / isolation & purification
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genotype
  • HLA-DP beta-Chains / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Interferons / genetics*
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Severe Dengue / epidemiology*
  • Severe Dengue / genetics*
  • Severe Dengue / virology
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Thailand / epidemiology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Superfamily, Member 7 / genetics*


  • 3' Untranslated Regions
  • HLA-DP beta-Chains
  • HLA-DPB1 antigen
  • interferon-lambda, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Superfamily, Member 7
  • Interferons