A first-in-human study to evaluate the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of RP3128, an oral calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel modulator in healthy volunteers

J Clin Pharm Ther. 2021 Jun;46(3):677-687. doi: 10.1111/jcpt.13322. Epub 2020 Dec 11.


What is known and objective: RP3128, a novel, orally available modulator of calcium released activated calcium (CRAC) channel, is being developed for the potential treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. RP3128 showed nano-molar potency and activity in a range of in vitro and in vivo models of inflammation. We report a first-in-human study investigating the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of RP3128 in healthy subjects.

Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of single (25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg) and multiple (7 days: 25, 100 and 400 mg once daily) doses of RP3128 were performed. Thirty-two and 24 subjects were randomized in the single ascending dose (SAD) and multiple ascending dose (MAD) parts, respectively.

Results and discussion: RP3128 was well tolerated, with no dose-limiting toxicity at single and multiple doses. Incidence of treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) did not increase with ascending RP3128 doses. No changes were seen in cognitive function and ECG parameters. RP3128 was rapidly absorbed. Elimination was slow with a half-life of more than 80 h. Exposures increased with increasing doses. Accumulation was seen on repeated dosing. PD response, as evidenced by lower plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor-alfa (TNFα) and interleukin-4 (IL-4), was seen when compared to pre-dose values or placebo.

What is new and conclusion: The safety, tolerability and PK/PD profile of RP3128 demonstrates its potential to be developed in inflammatory disorders and support further clinical development (ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT02958982).

Keywords: CRAC channel; Orai; RP3128; STIM; inflammation.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Autoimmune Diseases / drug therapy
  • Calcium Release Activated Calcium Channels / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Food-Drug Interactions
  • Half-Life
  • Healthy Volunteers
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-4 / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / blood
  • Young Adult


  • Calcium Release Activated Calcium Channels
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Interleukin-4

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02958982