Fully automatic wound segmentation with deep convolutional neural networks

Sci Rep. 2020 Dec 14;10(1):21897. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-78799-w.


Acute and chronic wounds have varying etiologies and are an economic burden to healthcare systems around the world. The advanced wound care market is expected to exceed $22 billion by 2024. Wound care professionals rely heavily on images and image documentation for proper diagnosis and treatment. Unfortunately lack of expertise can lead to improper diagnosis of wound etiology and inaccurate wound management and documentation. Fully automatic segmentation of wound areas in natural images is an important part of the diagnosis and care protocol since it is crucial to measure the area of the wound and provide quantitative parameters in the treatment. Various deep learning models have gained success in image analysis including semantic segmentation. This manuscript proposes a novel convolutional framework based on MobileNetV2 and connected component labelling to segment wound regions from natural images. The advantage of this model is its lightweight and less compute-intensive architecture. The performance is not compromised and is comparable to deeper neural networks. We build an annotated wound image dataset consisting of 1109 foot ulcer images from 889 patients to train and test the deep learning models. We demonstrate the effectiveness and mobility of our method by conducting comprehensive experiments and analyses on various segmentation neural networks. The full implementation is available at https://github.com/uwm-bigdata/wound-segmentation .

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Neural Networks, Computer*
  • Wound Healing*
  • Wounds and Injuries / diagnostic imaging*