Multi-Variant TLS and SfM Photogrammetric Measurements Affected by Different Factors for Determining the Surface Shape of a Thin-Walled Dome

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Dec 11;20(24):7095. doi: 10.3390/s20247095.


The paper presents a combined analysis of terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and structure from motion (SfM) photogrammetric measurement to determine an accurate model of the surface shape of a thin-walled dome. The analysis takes into account several factors that may affect the accuracy of measurement. In TLS measurements, these are related to scattering of the beam and its penetration into the structure of objects. Penetration of the beam into a synthetic structure changes the measured length. Shell moisture, caused by rainfall or dew effect, similarly affects the measured length, but the changes are dispersed. In the first case, it will change the size of the object, and in the second one, it generates measurement noise. SfM photogrammetric problems, such as object gloss and ambient reflection, lack of detail, and different results from software creating point clouds were also analyzed. An interesting observation was the significant influence of atmospheric pollution, sedimented on the lower half of the glossy dome, on increasing the accuracy of photogrammetric measurement. The analyses contain a number of cases that take into account the complex problems of obtaining and processing data of such facilities: periodic measurement, TLS and SfM photogrammetric measurement, measurement outside and inside the object, determination of the wall thickness, comparison with the project and free-sphere fitting, and use of dome rotation during TLS.

Keywords: accuracy analysis; deformation monitoring; dome; shell structures; structure from motion (SfM); terrestrial laser scanning (TLS).