A Gesture Elicitation Study of Nose-Based Gestures

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Dec 11;20(24):7118. doi: 10.3390/s20247118.


Presently, miniaturized sensors can be embedded in any small-size wearable to recognize movements on some parts of the human body. For example, an electrooculography-based sensor in smart glasses recognizes finger movements on the nose. To explore the interaction capabilities, this paper conducts a gesture elicitation study as a between-subjects experiment involving one group of 12 females and one group of 12 males, expressing their preferred nose-based gestures on 19 Internet-of-Things tasks. Based on classification criteria, the 912 elicited gestures are clustered into 53 unique gestures resulting in 23 categories, to form a taxonomy and a consensus set of 38 final gestures, providing researchers and practitioners with a larger base with six design guidelines. To test whether the measurement method impacts these results, the agreement scores and rates, computed for determining the most agreed gestures upon participants, are compared with the Condorcet and the de Borda count methods to observe that the results remain consistent, sometimes with a slightly different order. To test whether the results are sensitive to gender, inferential statistics suggest that no significant difference exists between males and females for agreement scores and rates.

Keywords: agreement rate and score; gestural interaction; gesture elicitation study; wearable sensor.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Fingers*
  • Gestures*
  • Humans
  • Internet of Things
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Nose*