Molecular Profiling of Metastatic Bladder Cancer Early-Phase Clinical Trial Participants Predicts Patient Outcomes

Mol Cancer Res. 2021 Mar;19(3):395-402. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-20-0751. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Abstract

Prognosis for patients with metastatic bladder carcinoma (mBC) remains limited and in need of novel therapies. We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 43 patients with platinum-refractory metastatic bladder cancer (mBC) who participated in one or more phase I trials of various investigational therapies. Patients' tumors or circulating tumor DNA were analyzed by next-generation sequencing. The median progression-free survival was 4.2 months, the median overall survival was 9.6 months, and the overall response rate was 17.5%. TP53, ERBB2, PI3KCA, FGFR3, and ARID1A alterations were detected in 66%, 29%, 27%, 24%, and 22% of all patients, respectively. Alterations in FGFR3 were almost mutually exclusive of TP53. More than half (64%) of patients with an FGFR alt received an FGFR inhibitor, 67% of which achieved disease control. Among patients with urothelial carcinoma histology, those harboring a TP53 alteration had a shorter median progression-free survival (PFS) compared with those whose tumors carry wild-type TP53. The reverse relationship was observed in patients harboring an FGFR alteration. IMPLICATIONS: Patients with platinum-refractory mBC derive clinical benefit from participating in early-phase clinical trials and their survival outcomes correlate with the genetic profile of the tumor. VISUAL OVERVIEW: http://mcr.aacrjournals.org/content/molcanres/19/3/395/F1.large.jpg.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't