Molecular Profiling of Metastatic Bladder Cancer Early-Phase Clinical Trial Participants Predicts Patient Outcomes

Mol Cancer Res. 2021 Mar;19(3):395-402. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-20-0751. Epub 2020 Dec 15.


Prognosis for patients with metastatic bladder carcinoma (mBC) remains limited and in need of novel therapies. We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 43 patients with platinum-refractory metastatic bladder cancer (mBC) who participated in one or more phase I trials of various investigational therapies. Patients' tumors or circulating tumor DNA were analyzed by next-generation sequencing. The median progression-free survival was 4.2 months, the median overall survival was 9.6 months, and the overall response rate was 17.5%. TP53, ERBB2, PI3KCA, FGFR3, and ARID1A alterations were detected in 66%, 29%, 27%, 24%, and 22% of all patients, respectively. Alterations in FGFR3 were almost mutually exclusive of TP53. More than half (64%) of patients with an FGFR alt received an FGFR inhibitor, 67% of which achieved disease control. Among patients with urothelial carcinoma histology, those harboring a TP53 alteration had a shorter median progression-free survival (PFS) compared with those whose tumors carry wild-type TP53. The reverse relationship was observed in patients harboring an FGFR alteration. IMPLICATIONS: Patients with platinum-refractory mBC derive clinical benefit from participating in early-phase clinical trials and their survival outcomes correlate with the genetic profile of the tumor. VISUAL OVERVIEW:

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't