Surgical intervention for HB with tumor thrombi extending into the IVC and the RA might requires careful planning of the surgical procedures, including vascular reconstruction and extracorporeal circulation. We herein report a successful case of LDLT for HB with atrial extension of a tumor thrombus by extracorporeal circulation with a transdiaphragmatic approach. The patient was a 5-year-old boy with PRETEXT IV HB with a tumor thrombus that extended into the IVC and the RA. After 4 cycles of chemotherapy and resection of bilateral lung metastases, the size of the primary HB tumor decreased. As the tumor extension from the LHV to the RA had decreased but was still present, we performed LDLT with tumor thrombectomy. The central part of the diaphragm was sagittally incised to expose the suprahepatic IVC and the RA. Venovenous bypass was achieved from the right femoral vein and IMV to the RA En bloc resection of the native liver with the tumor thrombus was then performed. HV anastomosis was made between the newly created orifice on the IVC and the graft LHV. The duration of LDLT was 10 hours and 44 minutes (extracorporeal circulation time: 78 minutes). Pediatric LT for HB with the extension of tumor thrombi into the RA under extracorporeal circulation is a feasible option and allows for the expansion of the indications for transplantation for children with unresectable liver tumors.
Keywords: HB; atrial extension of tumor thrombus; extracorporeal circulation; pediatric LT; transdiaphragmatic approach.
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