A 49-year-old man complained of chronic palpitation and shortness of breath, which had recently become exacerbated. A blood examination indicated severe refractory anemia and hypoproteinemia. Physical examinations revealed anemia, a systolic murmur, and spoon nails. Multiple nonspecific ileal ulcers were observed. A pathological examination indicated a small granuloma with CD68-positive histiocytes. He had a deeply wrinkled forehead, chiseled face, and clubbed fingers. Radiography revealed periostosis of the fingers and long bones in the limb. He was diagnosed with pachydermoperiostosis. SLCO2A1 demonstrated a c.1807C>T homo-mutation. He was also diagnosed with SLCO2A1-associated chronic enteropathy and thus was treated with 5-aminosalicylic acid, which temporarily improved the ileal ulcers, anemia, and hypoalbuminemia.
Keywords: CEAS; SLCO2A1; pachydermoperiostosis.