Background: Quality of life (QOL) can be significantly impacted by symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). Vibegron is a highly selective β3 -adrenergic receptor agonist that showed efficacy in treatment of symptoms of OAB in the randomised, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled phase 3 EMPOWUR trial. Here we report patient-reported QOL outcomes from the EMPOWUR trial.
Methods: Patients were randomly assigned 5:5:4 to receive vibegron 75 mg, placebo or tolterodine 4 mg extended release, respectively, for 12 weeks. Patients completed the OAB questionnaire (OAB-q) at baseline and at week 12 and the patient global impression (PGI) scales for severity, control, frequency and leakage at baseline and at weeks 4, 8 and 12. Change from baseline at week 12 and responder rates (OAB-q: patients achieving a ≥10-point improvement; PGI: patients reporting best possible response) were assessed. Vibegron was compared with placebo, and no comparisons were made between vibegron and tolterodine.
Results: Of the 1518 patients randomised, 1463 (placebo, n = 520; vibegron, n = 526; tolterodine, n = 417) had evaluable data for efficacy measures and were included in the analysis. Mean baseline OAB-q and PGI scores were comparable among treatment groups. At week 12, patients receiving vibegron had greater improvements from baseline in OAB-q subscores of coping, concern, sleep, health-related QOL total and symptom bother (P < .01 each) compared with patients receiving placebo; a greater proportion of patients receiving vibegron vs placebo were responders in the OAB-q coping (P < .05) and symptom bother scores (P < .0001). Compared with placebo, a greater proportion of patients who received vibegron achieved the best response on all PGI end-points at week 12 (P < .05 each) and were classified as responders (P < .05 each).
Conclusions: In the 12-week EMPOWUR trial, treatment with vibegron was associated with significantly greater and clinically meaningful improvement in OAB-q and PGI scores compared with placebo, consistent with improvements in OAB symptoms.
Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier number NCT03492281.
© 2020 The Authors. International Journal of Clinical Practice published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.