Background: Elderly patients suffering from hip fractures are usually not able to fulfil postoperative weight-bearing restrictions. Therefore, the operative fixation construct has to be as stable as possible. Aim of the present study was to determine (1) whether a therapeutic advantage could be achieved when using hip arthroplasty to treat acetabular fractures in geriatric patients; (2) whether an acetabular revision cup would be suitable for achieving fast postoperative mobilization and full weight-bearing; and (3) when a treatment with an uncemented hip revision cup for the primary fixation of osteoporotic acetabular fractures in geriatric patients is indicated.
Materials and methods: The functional outcome of THA using a reconstruction cup for an acetabular fracture was evaluated in ten patients using standardized scoring instruments. In addition, an analysis of the preexisting literature referring to total hip replacement in geriatric acetabular fractures was conducted and an algorithm for standardizing the treatment approach for geriatric patients with acetabular fractures was developed.
Results: The mean EQ-5D-3L quality of life score 0.7. The mean VAS Score was 58.2. The average Barthel Index was 80.0 points [range: 0-100]. The mean HHS was 72.0 points, while the MHH Score yielded an average of 63.4 points. The average AP Score was 7.5. The literature analysis showed that total hip arthroplasty could be a feasible option for geriatric acetabular fractures.
Conclusion: Primary hip arthroplasty using uncemented revision cup fixed with angular stable screws showed good results and is a feasible treatment option of acetabular fractures in geriatric patients. The approach is especially beneficial in patients with poor bone stock and allows postoperative full weight-bearing. The presented treatment algorithm could be a useful tool for identifying the most appropriate treatment option.
Level of evidence: IIb.
Keywords: Acetabular fracture; Full weight-bearing; Hip revision acetabular cup; Osteoporosis; Total hip arthroplasty.
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