Bacillibactins E and F from a Marine Sponge-Associated Bacillus sp

J Nat Prod. 2021 Jan 22;84(1):136-141. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.0c01170. Epub 2020 Dec 18.


Chemical investigation of a marine sponge-associated Bacillus sp. led to the discovery of bacillibactins E and F (1 and 2). Despite containing the well-established cyclic triester core of iron-binding natural products such as enterobactin, bacillibactins E and F (1 and 2) are the first bacterial siderophores that contain nicotinic and benzoic acid moieties. The structures of the new compounds, including their absolute configurations, were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses and Marfey's method. A plausible biosynthetic pathway to 1 and 2 is proposed; this route bears great similarity to other previously established bacillibactin-like pathways but appears to differentiate itself by a promiscuous DhbE, which likely installs the nicotinic moiety of 1 and the benzoic acid group of 2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacillus / chemistry*
  • Bacillus / metabolism
  • Enterobactin / chemistry*
  • Enterobactin / metabolism
  • Iron / chemistry
  • Iron / metabolism*
  • Molecular Structure
  • Oligopeptides
  • Porifera / chemistry
  • Porifera / metabolism*
  • Siderophores / chemistry*


  • Oligopeptides
  • Siderophores
  • bacillibactin
  • Enterobactin
  • Iron