Use of hypnosis preoperatively for surgery of the spine: Pilot study

Neurochirurgie. 2021 Jul;67(4):358-361. doi: 10.1016/j.neuchi.2020.11.012. Epub 2020 Dec 16.


Introduction: Hypnosis is a technique requiring no drugs that acts during the three phases of surgery, reducing stress at the pre-surgical phase and the adminstration of anesthetic drugs during the intraoperative phase, as well as leading to improved management of postoperative pain and quality of life management.

Material et method: We carried out a retrospective study of 46 patients operated on for herniated disc or one or two-level laminectomy without arthrodesis. All patients benefited from a preoperative hypnosis session and completed a questionnaire about their possible concerns. The day after surgery, patients completed a second questionnaire on their postoperative experience following hypnosis.

Resultats: Our results indicate that this technique had a positive impact on the management of preoperative stress (80% of patients) and on postoperative quality of life (48% of patients). Pain measured by decreased from 4.8/10 preoperatively to 0.9/10 postoperatively.

Conclusion: Our results are consistent with previous findings in the literature as to the positive contribution of this technique in the management of preoperative stress and patient quality of life. Further studies are however required involving considerably larger cohorts and more extensive surgeries to confirm the effect of this technique on management of anesthesia and pain in spine surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypnosis / methods*
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement / psychology
  • Intervertebral Disc Displacement / surgery*
  • Laminectomy / adverse effects
  • Laminectomy / psychology
  • Laminectomy / trends*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement / methods
  • Pain Measurement / psychology
  • Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control*
  • Pain, Postoperative / psychology
  • Pilot Projects
  • Preoperative Care / methods*
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult