Beyond Arthritis: Understanding the Influence of Gout on Erectile Function: A Systematic Review

Urology. 2021 Jul;153:19-27. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2020.12.005. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Abstract

Objective: To review the evidence suggesting a significant association between gout and erectile dysfunction (ED) and evaluate possible underlying pathways that may explain this relationship.

Methods: English medical literature was searched from January 1, 2010, to January 1, 2020, for randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials, cross-sectional studies, case-cohort studies, or meta-analysis evaluating the relationship between gout and ED.

Results: All nine gout studies included in the study found a significant association between gout and ED. ED pathophysiology in gout involves hyperuricemia, increased reactive oxygen species, decreased nitric oxide synthesis, and low-grade inflammation.

Conclusion: The findings of this review suggest that the effect of urate-lowering therapy on the incidence of ED in gout patients should be studied. Additionally, we propose that all gout patients should be assessed for ED.

Publication types

  • Review