Clock component OsPRR73 positively regulates rice salt tolerance by modulating OsHKT2;1-mediated sodium homeostasis

EMBO J. 2021 Feb 1;40(3):e105086. doi: 10.15252/embj.2020105086. Epub 2020 Dec 21.


The roles of clock components in salt stress tolerance remain incompletely characterized in rice. Here, we show that, among OsPRR (Oryza sativa Pseudo-Response Regulator) family members, OsPRR73 specifically confers salt tolerance in rice. Notably, the grain size and yield of osprr73 null mutants were significantly decreased in the presence of salt stress, with accumulated higher level of reactive oxygen species and sodium ions. RNA sequencing and biochemical assays identified OsHKT2;1, encoding a plasma membrane-localized Na+ transporter, as a transcriptional target of OsPRR73 in mediating salt tolerance. Correspondingly, null mutants of OsHKT2;1 displayed an increased tolerance to salt stress. Immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry (IP-MS) assays further identified HDAC10 as nuclear interactor of OsPRR73 and co-repressor of OsHKT2;1. Consistently, H3K9ac histone marks at OsHKT2;1 promoter regions were significantly reduced in osprr73 mutant. Together, our findings reveal that salt-induced OsPRR73 expression confers salt tolerance by recruiting HDAC10 to transcriptionally repress OsHKT2;1, thus reducing cellular Na+ accumulation. This exemplifies a new molecular link between clock components and salt stress tolerance in rice.

Keywords: OsPRR73; ROS; circadian clock; salt stress; sodium transporter.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • CLOCK Proteins / genetics*
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Histone Deacetylases / metabolism*
  • Homeostasis
  • Loss of Function Mutation
  • Oryza / genetics
  • Oryza / growth & development*
  • Oryza / metabolism
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Salt Tolerance*
  • Sodium / metabolism


  • Plant Proteins
  • Sodium
  • CLOCK Proteins
  • Histone Deacetylases