Imaging of Joints and Bones in Autoinflammation

J Clin Med. 2020 Dec 17;9(12):4074. doi: 10.3390/jcm9124074.

Abstract

Autoinflammatory disorders are commonly characterized by seemingly unprovoked systemic inflammation mainly driven by cells and cytokines of the innate immune system. In many disorders on this spectrum, joint and bone involvement may be observed and imaging of these manifestations can provide essential diagnostic information. This review aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the imaging characteristics for major diseases and disease groups on the autoinflammatory spectrum, including familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), Behçet disease (BD), crystal deposition diseases (including gout), adult-onset Still's disease (AoSD), and syndromatic synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO)/chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). Herein, we discuss common and distinguishing imaging characteristics, phenotypical overlaps with related diseases, and promising fields of future research.

Keywords: arthritis; autoinflammation; imaging.

Publication types

  • Review